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httpd (Apache)

Solus provides httpd (otherwise referred to as Apache) web server for web developers to test locally before uploading their work.

Installation

httpd can be installed either from the Software Center or via terminal:

sudo eopkg install httpd

Usage

Configuration and DocumentRoot

Unlike most other operating systems, the httpd provided in Solus is stateless, enabling us to provide out-of-the-box vendor configuration via /usr/share/defaults/httpd/, while still enabling the system administrator (or a user with the appropriate permissions) to override the vendor configuration via the system-wide configuration location, /etc.

Therefore, to make modifications to httpd’s configuration, you must first create the directories /etc/httpd/conf.d/ and create your own *.conf files, which will override the vendor-provided configuration files.

Note: Modification of the vendor configuration files may result in your changes being overwritten during the next update to httpd.

By default, httpd’s DocumentRoot is set to /var/www/, thus files you desire to be accessible via your httpd server must be copied to that location.

PHP Support

To get PHP working, install it from the Software Center or via terminal:

sudo eopkg install php

Because PHP is loaded via FPM and FastCGI and not via an Apache module, to enable PHP you must create a new file, /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf, with the following lines:

LoadModule proxy_module lib64/httpd/mod_proxy.so
LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module lib64/httpd/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
<FilesMatch \.php$>
SetHandler "proxy:fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000"
</FilesMatch>
<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.php index.html
</IfModule>

Now, to load the changes, run:

sudo systemctl restart httpd && sudo systemctl restart php-fpm

Management

Managing httpd is done via systemd, using the following commands:

sudo systemctl enable httpd # Enable on startup
sudo systemctl start httpd # Start the web server
sudo systemctl stop httpd # Stop the web server
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