System settings/date&time shows two internet 'on' connections for date and time. You must have one of them on.
I don't know what would happen if you turned them off. One of mine is on. I like a synched date and time.
I don't even think date&time is related to your question.
Solus has internal location tracking installed as most people do--and seems very practical that way. I'm naturally suspicious, like you, but methinks nothing sinister.
And sys-based geo tracking probably may or may not be part of your query.
When you Live installed you had to permanently (I think it's permanent) let the OS configure/file/remember/(whatever vernacular) your location, remember? You would have to do more than dconf to be invisible, but I'm no expert.
Once your non-vpn browser is up and running everyone knows where you are. Even some apps.
Not sure this helps, but my 2 cent perspective all the same.